Hair Care

Hair Problems

  • Hair Falling
  • Baldness
  • Alopecia (Loss of hair in localized part)
  • Dandruff
  • Lice

Are   you   tired   of      HAIR  FALLING?

Then come to Spandan Homeo Cure and get a healthy scalp & good Hair growth.

 

Hairs

 

Normal human hairs can be classified according to cyclical phases of growth and they are:

(a)  Anagen Hairs

(b) Categen Hairs

(c)  Telogen Hairs

 

(A)   Anagen Hairs are growing hairs. They grow for some three years (1000 days), with the limits generally set between 2 and 6 years. The follicular cells grow, divide and become keratinized to form growing hairs. The base of the hair shaft is soft and moist. A darkly pigmented portion is evident just above the hair bulb.

(B)   Categen Hairs are those undergoing transition from the growing to the resting stage. Categen hairs are in a transitional phase, lasting a week or two, in which all growth activity ceases, with formation of the “CLUB” hair.

(C)   Telogen Hairs are resting hairs which remain in the follicles for variable lengths of time before they fall out. They are also known as club hairs, are resting hairs, which continue in this state some 3 to 4 months (100 days) before they are pushed out of the hair follicle by the hairs growing underneath them, or pulled out by a hair brush or other mechanical means.

 

Among human hairs plucked from normal scalp, 90% are anagen hairs and 10% categen or talogen hairs. It has been estimated that the scalp normally contains 100,000 hairs; therefore the average number of hairs shed daily is 100.

Contrary to popular belief, neither shaving nor menstruation has any effect upon hair growth rate.

Human hair is also designated as lanugo, vellus, or terminal hair.

–          Lanugo hair is the fine hair present on the body of the fetus and new borns. This is replaced by the vellus and terminal hairs.

–          Vellus hairs are fine (fuzz), usually light colored, and characteristically seen on children’s face and arms.

–          Terminal hairs are coarse, thick and dark except in blonds. Hair occurs on all skin surfaces except the palms, soles, glans and prepuce. Terminal hairs are always present on men’s face, chest and abdomen but vellus hairs usually predominate on these sites in women.

 

 

Diseases of the hair:

Alopecia:

Alopecia Areata (Pelade, in French)- It is characterised by rapid and complete loss of hair in one,  or more often several, round or oval patches , usually on the scalp, the bearded area, the eyebrows, the eyelashes, and rarely on other hairy areas of the body . Commonly the patches are from 1 to 5 cm in diameter. A few resting hairs may be found within the patches, and the surface may be slightly depressed. Early in the course there may be sparing of grey hairs. Nearly always the hair loss is patchy in distribution, however cases may present in a diffuse pattern. At the periphery of bald patch are loose hairs that may be broken off near the scalp, leaving short stumps. When they are pulled out a tapered, attenuated bulb is seen as a result of atrophy of that portion: hence the term “exclamation point” hair. These telogen hairs are usually located at the periphery of the bald patch. However the problem arises in the anagen phase when damage to the hair shaft includes early catagen and telogen phase. The tendency is first spontaneous recovery in patients whose age at onset was after puberty. At first regrowing hair are downy and light in colour, later they are replaced by stronger and darker hair with full growth. In some patients there is progression of the disease, with the development of new bald patches, until there is total loss of scalp hair (alopecia totalis). When hairs have been lost over the entire body, including the scalp, the designation is alopecia universalis. The alopecia areata usually occur without associated diseases. However, there is higher incidence than usual in patients with atopic dermatitis, Down’s syndrome, and such autoimmune diseases as thyroiditis and Vitiligo.

Etiology (Causes): the cause is still unknown for the disease most evident point towards its being as autoimmune disease modified by genetic factors and aggravated by emotional stress. Stress has been regarded as possible initiator, and if it does play a role it may be as an instigator of an immune mechanism.

The other diseases of the hairs are as below:

–          Telogen Effluvium

–          Anagen Effluvium

–          Androgenetic  Alopecia (Male pattern alopecia)

–          Trichotillomania

–          Hot comb alopecia

–          Traction alopecia

–          Pressure alopecia

–          Loose anagen syndrome

–          Alopecia syphilitica

–          Follicular mucinosis (alopecia mucinosa)

–          Inflammatory alopecia

–          Vascular or Neurologic alopecia

–          Tinea capitis

–          Endrocrinologic alopecia

–          Tumour alopecia

–          Alopecia neoplastica

–          Menopausal alopecia

–          Drug alopecia

–          Stress alopecia

–          Congenital alopecia

–          Hypertrichosis:- is an overgrowth of hair not localized to the androgen dependent areas of the skin.

–          Hirsutism:- is an excess of terminal hair growth in women in a pattern more typical of men.

Care of the hair::::—–

Wash hairs with soap or shampoo. Sometimes beaten egg white is employed to give glossiness to the hair. Certain indigenous plant products like ritha and amla are also good for washing the hair.

Greasy hair need frequent washing and less oil application. Dry hair require less frequent washing and good oil massage. Frequency of washing depends upon the climate and length of the hair, daily, alternate days or weekly. Often bland soap and water are sufficient.

Greasing or oil application is essential for effective lubrication and grooming; choice depends upon individual taste.

Combing and brushing of the hair is normally done once or twice a day. No force should be used in either combing or brushing. Combs and brushes tend to irritate the scalp; often injures and atrophies the hair.

Singeing of the hair ends is often employed by beauty parlours and hairdressers to treat splitting. It has no advantages over cutting, and is by no means curative.

Dyeing the hair with vegetable dyes (Henna, Chamomile), metallic dyes (bismuth, silver, lead) and chemical dyes (paratolyendiamine, paraphenylnediamine, etc.). Several dye preparations are available in the market. Vegetable dyes are usually the safest, but there is limited choice of colour in them. Patch test to the dye must be applied before its use.

 

 

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Little About Us

Spandan Homeo Cure Dr. Manish Thakkar completed his graduation from M. S. Pathak  Homoeopathic Medical College, Vadodara in 2007. Then after he did Certificate course in Child Health Care- Child Problems & ... Read More »